a fibre produced by the camelid of the same name, similar to a llama and raised in herds in the Andean highlands. Its skin is reminiscent to that of an angora goat: a rough and long exterior, with a soft and wool-like undercoat. It provides wool in seven natural colours. Main characteristics: lightweight, shiny with a silky touch, elevated thermal properties.
a fibre produced by wool from goats raised in Tibet, on the highlands of Mongolia and in Iran. Main characteristics: generally a white colour (but also possible in maroon, drifting towards shades of grey, brown and red), particularly fine, lightweight and with a soft touch. It’s the most sought-after and valuable wool on the market.
a natural fibre that is the most common as well as oldest, after linen and wool. It is made from cotton wool which is wrapped around the seeds of Gossypium plants. Its length determines its quality: the longer the fibre, the sleeker, more durable and finer the cotton. Its characteristics make it an ideal material for fine, summery and fresh fabrics, as well as for heavier seasonal ones. Main characteristics: it has high hygroscopic quality, while not irritating the skin nor producing allergic reactions. Cotton can be washed easily and ironed at high temperatures.
the introduction of organic cotton is fairly recent. Its characteristics are similar to cotton, but its peculiarity lies in its low ecological impact in terms of cultivation and processing, what with its bio-cultivation techniques. In all stages of growth, harvesting and processing, no synthetic chemicals are used, seeing how only natural products are taken into consideration.
an animal fibre that is extracted from a sheep’s coat. Main characteristics: thermal protection, smooth touch, elasticity and high hygroscopic content. Especially soft and fine is wool is obtained from the first shearing of a lamb, known as lambswool.
a natural fibre taken from a flax plant. It gives off a sense of freshness, a characteristic that makes for the perfect summer clothing. Main characteristics: linen is highly durable and shiny, doesn’t cause allergic reactions, is extra absorbent and easy on the skin. It can be washed in hot water, drying quickly and is easy to iron, in spite of its tendency to wrinkle.
LYOCELL OR TENCEL:
an artificial fibre produced from crushed and dissolved cellulose. It is often used alongside cotton to obtain cotton fabrics with a soft touch and a viscose-like flow. Main characteristics: high breathability, ability to absorb humidity, soft touch and shine.
an artificial fibre obtained by regenerating wood chips from trees. Modal fabrics are less likely to slip, shrink or discolour compared to cotton, however they are also more hygroscopic. Main characteristics: a soft and smooth touch. After washing, it can be ironed at high temperatures much like pure cotton.
a wool that is found in the angora goat, native to Anatolia, nowadays raised mainly in South Africa or Texas. The finest of mohair is that of a mohair one-year-old kid. Main characteristics: a very long wool fibre that is soft, shiny and resistant to wear and felting.
NYLON OR POLYAMIDE:
a fibre obtained from synthetic polymers, which are then produced by means of lab procedures. It has a low absorbency level and is usually aimed towards garments specific for sport and leisure. Nylon fabrics are easy to upkeep, machine washable with quick dry and not necessary to iron.
a fibre obtained entirely through chemical lab procedures. It has a high resistance to breaking and low flammability. Polyester fabrics are easy to upkeep, machine washable with quick dry and anti-crease.
a plant fibre that’s shiny in appearance, similar to linen. It is generally used for summer fabrics and can also be mixed with other natural or synthetic fabrics (especially cotton, hemp, wool, silk, viscose), which increase resistance and brightness. Main characteristics: durable, naturally fresh and hypoallergenic. It can be washed with water or dry cleaned.
an animal fibre spun by silkworms. It is the softest and finest among the natural fabrics, fresh in summer and warm in winter. Main features: silk fabrics offer good thermal insulation, can be washed in water with great caution, and ironed at a temperature of 130 °C. However, it is advisable to dry clean silk fabrics.
a type of fine long fibre wool whose name comes from a breed of sheep originally raised in the famous islands of Britain. Main features: the wool is soft, slightly rough and hairy, particularly lustrous, very durable and does not become matted.
an artificial textile fibre produced from the wood pulp of trees. In its luster it is most similar to silk, so much so that it was initially called “artificial silk.” Main features: comfort typical of vegetable fibres, good wear resistance, high hygroscopic capacity. Viscose garments must be washed with neutral products, dried slowly, and ironed at temperatures that are lower than those used for cotton.